A Study of Black Liquor in Egypt - Black Liquor Utilization As Concrete Admixture
by El-Mekkawi, Samar
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This thesis studies three sources of black liquor in Egypt and their effect on concrete workability, compressive and tensile strength, and their effect as set retarder. Firstly a review on pulping processes and black liquor treatment techniques is submitted, also the previous work on black liquor as concrete admixture is discussed. Afterwards the test program is proceeded by analyzing the black liquors, studying the effect of various concentrations and different doses of black liquors on concrete mixes and the effect of ages of black liquor during a year on the concrete performance. Our main target is to obtain the optimum dose, concentration and kind of black liquor from those produced in Egypt as they are without treatment to obtain the optimum conditions as admixture. The effect of black liquor as set retarder and the effect of silica fume additives are studied. Finally recommendations on temperature, validity date and storage tanks are applied.
Eng. Samar El-Mekkawi has obtained her MSc. Degree in chemical engineering in 2008. She has worked in National Research Center, Cairo Egypt since 2011. She worked in different international projects in the field of biodiesel production. She is a PHD student, a member of Chemical Engineering Society in Egypt and the main author of doi:10.1016/j.jare
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LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
14 May 2012
0.22 x 0.15 x 0.01 m; 0.299 kg