Charles III of Spain
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Charles III (20 January 1716 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to his death in 1788. Eldest son of Philip V of Spain and his second wife, Princess Elisabeth of Parma, he became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza under the name of Charles I (at the death of his great uncle Antonio Farnese); later on in 1734 while Duke of Parma he conquered the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily and was thus created the King of Naples and Sicily due to a personal union; he ruled under the simple name of Charles with no specific numeration even though time has made him Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily. He was crowned King of Naples and Sicily at Palermo, Sicily on 3 July 1735. In 1738 he married the cultured Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony with whom he had 13 children; 8 of these reached adulthood and a further 4 of them had issue. The couple lived in Naples for 19 years and had a very happy marriage. She died in Madrid in 1760 aged 35.
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